Wednesday, April 25, 2012

How Serious is the UPA Crisis?

Dr.Muhammad Manzoor Alam
Sonia and Rahul

The Congress-led UPA-II government at the Centre is completing three years in office next month. That is the time for review of its performance by its leadership as well as for an appraisal by the people at large and the opposition in particular.

Dr.Prime Minister Man Mohan Singh
In fact, the appraisal has already begun. The most vociferous in denigrating the government is, of course, the BJP, which does not carry conviction in any case unless you love to see riots and communal discord all around you.

For the BJP it is plainly a case of sour grapes. Naturally, it cribbed and carped on the first and second anniversaries of UPA-II. It has already started doing the same.

The BJP is at the centre of a grand international plan to discredit the UPA as business-unfriendly and inefficient, and build up Narendra Modi as the great achiever, the favourite of India Inc and a cheaper version of the Iron Man. With that kind of tactic it hopes to capture power at the Centre. If that requires the revival of the Ayodhya movement and communal polarisation, no problem. This party has by now accumulated enough experience to pull the trick at short notice.

But how does the UPA fare, irrespective of what the BJP says? Well, it is a mixed bag of achievements and missed opportunities. The assembly polls have shown that the main UPA constituent – the Congress Party – is not always a good choice for running the states. It is not the voters’ choice for running the Delhi Municipal Corporation either, as evident from the latest polls in Delhi. However, it does not mean that it is less suited to run the Centre than it was three years ago.

At this point we must remember that being capable is one thing and looking capable is quite another. The BJP looks capable of governance, but is not, while the Congress Party does not look capable, but is certainly more capable than the BJP. However, it does not look the part.

That said, the UPA has to remember that the good work it began must be finished within the period allotted to it.

The pro-people initiatives of Mrs Sonia Gandhi resulted in laws like Food Security Bill and empowering legislation like Right to Education Act. The Right to Information legislation has not only empowered the citizenry versus the state machinery, but also put curbs on corrupt practices in important ways.

The BJP is preparing an attack on UPA-II on the of its third year on corruption, but its own credibility has been seriously undermined by the record of men like Yedurappa.

As Indians we do not feel happy about the continuing high prices of essentials, and as Muslims we feel being treated like the “Other” by state agencies. Muslim youth are still being rounded up arbitrarily, tortured and thrown into jails on false charges.

On April 23, Justice Markandey Katju wrote in the Indian Express: “Today the situation is that whenever any bomb blasts take place, immediately Muslim groups and individuals are blamed for it.” How true! Sadly, all this is going on mostly under Congress-ruled states. The Congress-led UPA government at the Centre cannot absolve itself of its responsibilities. Surely, this is going to give it a negative rating.

Muslims urged to fix priorities adopting collective wisdom

Dr.Muhammad Manzoor Alam


New Delhi:

 The three-day 14th International conference organised by the well-known think tank Institute of Objective Studies, (IOS), on “Minority Rights and Identities: Challenges and Prospects in an Unfolding Global Scenario” here at the Constitutional Club of India concluded on Sunday last (April 15, 2012) with the consensus that in the Indian Constitution and the laws framed in the light of this grant rights to the minorities in all respects.

However, the ground reality is that in day to day life of the minorities, specially Muslim community, these rights granted by the Constitution remain a far cry and are not available to the Muslims, who feel cheated and are left high and dry. This not only leads to frustration in minorities but violation of the Constitution and the laws enacted therein also takes place.
Hence, it was felt it is utmost necessary that a law be framed that can be used against those responsible officials who in case do not comply and implement in letter and spirit the government’s decisions and policies for minorities formulated in the light of Indian Constitution and the existing laws and rules. Then only the minorities and other marginalised persons will be able to enjoy the fruits of development as other citizens of India.

Meanwhile, delivering the valedictory address at the end of the three-day conference Mr. K. Rahman Khan, Rajya Sabha member, requested IOS to dedicate the next 25 years after the silver jubilee celebrations as to what the Muslim community has to achieve priority wise through collective wisdom. The roadmap has also to be defined as to what will be the community’s role and contribution in India’s development. To attain this through collective wisdom first the community will have to sort out its differences by working within.

Mr. Rahman Khan lamented that the Muslim community has not done its job of what it should it get, what are its priorities and what is the roadmap of future. This job the government of the day cannot do for the community but it should be the collective wisdom of the community to do it.
“We are ourselves divided in views be it political, religious or social leadership. We are divided due to ego problem as no one is ready to sacrifice it”, he moaned.
Presiding over the valedictory function Dr. Mohammad Manzoor Alam, chairman of IOS who is devoted, dedicated and dignified personality, in his concluding remarks appealed Mr. Rahman Khan and Zafaryab Jilani, Additional Advocate General of Uttar Pradesh, to convey to the powers that be the hurt and painful feelings of the Muslim community about the illegal arrests of their innocent youths over trumped up terrorism charges and atrocities of police on them. He urged them to use their good offices to provide succour to the affected families in getting their wards released and end their woes.

Dr. Alam announced the formation of “Foundation for Education” by IOS for the poor, who have been deprived of education, on the occasion with an appeal to all and sundry to make contributions of minimum Rs.5 per month so as to create funds for the noble cause.

A 10-point resolution was adopted by voice vote during the valedictory function.

 The resolutions are: 1. A special committee may be constituted to draw future plan of actions based on carrying out the resolutions adopted in Silver Jubilee celebrations’ conferences and achieving basic objectives of creating synergy for security and welfare of marginalised sections in general and Muslims in particular;

 2. There should be a special drive to involve regional chapters of the IOS to study regional aspirations and adopt correct methodology for redressal of grievances at regional and national level;

 3. The IOS in consultation with all concerned should evolve a comprehensive blue-print for minority welfare in India in coming ten years with special reference to globalisation process;

 4. A committee of experts may be constituted to suggest measures for publicizing the understanding of Indian political and economic systems so that the Muslims are aware of all such processes including the electoral strategies; 

5. The IOS should take necessary steps to evaluate various commissions/committees’ report and suggest measures for their implementation;

 6. The IOS should constitute a specialised expert committee to suggest means to draw the attention of corporate sectors to minority potential, heritage and role in development;

 7. It is pertinent to reiterate and reinvigorate the need to have links of IOS with other institutions and organizations to push the agenda forward. The issues of research and survey should form the priority sectors of the policies and prgrammes;

 8. It is urgently needed to go for establishing legal aid cells to promote legal aid through spreading awareness among all sections of society and providing necessary relief to victims, if possible. The innocent Muslim youth, who are charge-sheeted must be tried on day to day basis;

 9. The IOS should coordinate with agencies concerning Muslim’s affairs in areas of awqaf properties in India. This sector needs urgent attention &

 10. It is felt that along with other measures, the recommendations of Sachar Committee and the Rangnath Mishra Committee’s reports should be evaluated and monitored from the point of view of their implementation and impact.

Earlier, Salman Khurshid, Union Minister for Law & Minorities Affairs, speaking after the special lecture of Dr. Abusaleh Shariff, president, Centre for Research and Debates in Development Policy, New Delhi, on “Post-Sachar Report: An Appraisal” said not only the proposal of Equal Opportunities Commission but there are many other issues on which there is no consensus in the whole country or Muslim community. So, it is necessary that first there should be consensus on any issue. As far as Equal Opportunities Commission is concerned its formation is possible but the Muslim community should first collectively agree over the proposal.

Mr. Khurshid said that he is in total agreement with the view of a section of the society that in a country like India there is no need at all for the Ministry of Minorities Affairs. This ministry in fact is Ministry of Coordination. The problems of minorities or Muslims cannot be solved alone by the Ministry of Minorities Affairs but for this departments of various ministries have to be involved, he explained.

He said that reservation of 4.5 percent given to minorities under OBC quota does not mean that they would not get under other provisions. He pointed out that in nine and ten states of the country minorities have been given reservation under sub-category as such they have been given this 4.5 percent reservation under this sub-category. This is half of 8.44 percent, he added.
Dr. Abusaleh Shariff, who is also chief economist, National Council of Applied Economic Research, New Delhi, while making a Power Point presentation on “Five Years After Sachar Report 2004-05 to 2009-10” said the report has 14 chapters of which many chapters have not been debated and analysed.

Dr. Shariff said there exists a very wrong general perception about Sachar Committee Report that it has been prepared keeping in mind only the state of affairs of Muslims and their problems. However, the truth is that the report has been prepared while comparing position of Muslims with other religious communities and groups. So, it is better not to call the report of any particular community but term it as a “Relative Report”.

 He candidly said that India can become an eminent nation only when every citizen of the country is given equal opportunity.

Meanwhile, Dr. Arshi Khan, Associate Professor of Political Science & the Director of the Centre for the Promotion of Educational and Cultural Advancement of Muslims of India, AMU, Aligarh, spoke on redefining Minority Rights in India as the constitutional provisions like Article 29 and 30 are only meant for cultural and educational rights whereas these rights have proved to be inapplicable due to the enabling factors like political safeguards.

Dr. Arshi said that India is a plural society where democracy is not limited to merely elections and majority rule but the test of democracy rests with the ability of the government and the State to protect the interests of minorities. Muslims minority is a cultural and religious community and its culture is not the basis of political culture of India or the basis of the State. Merely existence of minority in numbers do not qualify a country to claim democracy but how far this largest minority feels to be the part of the State is the most important aspect.

He said that there are scores of violence, incidents, discriminations, violations of human rights and character assassination of the members of the Muslim community in the country which have not been even partially addressed by the successive governments in the last 60 years. There is a need for the recognition of the fact that Muslims have equal political rights but the enforcement agencies and political elite including many civil societies have not treated them as equal citizens. Therefore, there is a need to view such matters seriously and to take corrective measures to make India a vibrant country in the world, he emphasized.

Friday, April 20, 2012

Chief Minister Ms.Jayalalithaa acceds demands of Dr.Jawahiurllah.

Dr.Jawahirulla, MMK leader and Member of Legislative Assembly (MLA), Ramnad Constituency, who strove for funds, Rs.One Crore(US $209292.591) annully,for Tamil Nadu Urdu Academy,  hails   success while Chief Minister Ms.Jayalalithaa acceded to his demands.


Dr.M.H.Jawahirulla came up at the ongoing Assembly Sessions, telling the plight of Urdu Academy, an organisation which is almost at a verge of extinct, lacking needed funds, care and attention hitherto failed from all sections authorities.


Dr.Jawajirullah who has been fighting tooth and nail to fill the gaps for Urdu teachers in the vacant post in Urdu medium schools, and champion of every section, be it economic failure, deprived society, or any language disparity, exhorted on Urdu Academy, in the Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly, on Thursday, drawing attention of Ms.Jayalalithaa, what she once promised for the welfare of Urdu Academy in an Iftar Party held way back in 1996 at S.I.E.T.Women’s College, Chennai.


Dr.Jawahirullah also proposed to the Chief Minister Ms.Jayalalithaa, that the Urdu Academy should fetch from the TN government a sum of Rs.One Crore   annully, a staffed secretariat to be established for the purpose. He also put forth a scheme that a girls’ college may be established in Ambur (Vellore Dist) just to avoid the hassle of running to the colleges far away from Ambur.

Tamil Nadu Urdu Academy, Dr.Jawahirullah,MMK,TMMK,Ms.Jayalalalithaa,Chief Minister Tamil Nadu

Tamil Nadu Urdu Academy:Allot Rs.1 Crore Each Year:Jawahirullah

Assembly speech of Dr.Jawahirulla in the Tamil Nadu Assembly on April 19-2012

Monday, April 9, 2012

இரண்டு பிரதம அமைச்சர்கள், தலைமை ஒரு டெஸ்ட் ...?

ஆனால் பிரதம மந்திரி மன்மோகன் சிங் மற்றும் ஜனாதிபதி சர்தாரி தலைமைத்துவத்தை சோதனை கருத்துரைகள் டாக்டர் முகமது மன்சூர் ஆலம், முன்னே உள்ளது.

மும்பை 26/11 தாக்குதல்களுக்கு பிறகு, 2008 ல் இந்தியா பாக்கிஸ்தான் உறவுகளை நிறுத்தி விட்டது. பனி பாக்கிஸ்தான் இருதரப்பு வர்த்தகத்தில் கணிசமான அதிகரிப்பு அதாவது இந்தியா, அன்று (MFN) நிலை பெரும்பாலான Favoured நேஷன் நல்வாழ்வை உடன் மாந்திரீகம் தொடங்கியது.

க்வாஜா மொயின்ருட்டின் கிருஸ்டி உள்ள அஜ்மீர் தர்காவில் ஜனாதிபதி அரிப் அலி சர்தாரி பயணம் ஆழமான கலாச்சார பத்திரங்கள் துணைக்கண்டத்தில் பங்குகள், உடைக்கமுடியாது அந்த பத்திரங்களை அடையாள உள்ளது, ஆனால் மேலும் வலிமை இருக்க வேண்டும். இது MFN நிலையை பிறகு மேலும் ஒரு படி.

சைகை அம்மாநிலத்தை PM அவர்களுக்கு ஏற்பாடு விருந்தில் பிரதமர் மன்மோகன் சிங் மற்றும் காங்கிரஸ் பொது செயலாளர் ராகுல் காந்தி பரஸ்பரம்.

ஜனாதிபதி எண்டொரேஜின் பிலாவல் பூட்டோ ஜர்தாரி நாட்டின் சேர்க்க விருப்பத்தோடு நான்கு தசாப்தங்களுக்கு முன்னர் திருமதி இந்திரா காந்தி சிம்லா மாநாட்டில் அவரது தந்தை பிரதமர் சுல்பிக்கார் அலி பூட்டோ இணைந்த 19 வயது பெனாசீர் பூட்டோ இந்தியர்கள் ஞாபகப்படுத்தியது.

இந்தியா மற்றும் பாக்கிஸ்தான் அடிக்கடி கடினமாக ஒருவருக்கொருவர் வாழ கண்டுபிடிக்க, ஆனால் அவர்கள் கூட அவர்கள் ஒருவரை ஒருவர் இல்லாமல் வாழ முடியாது என்று. அவர்கள் இறுதியில், அவற்றின் வேறுபாடுகள் வாழ கற்று கொள்ள வேண்டும் என்று அவர்கள் மத்தியில் இவ்வளவு பொதுவான உள்ளது. வட்டம், கற்றல் செயல்முறை தொடங்கியுள்ளது.

பார்வையில் கணம் ஆவி வைத்து, இந்தியாவின் ஹபீஸ் பசு பி அதுவும் கடுமையான பிரச்சினை அழுத்தவும் இல்லை, யாருக்கு, ஐக்கிய அமெரிக்க ஒரு $ 10 மில்லியன் ஊக்கத்தொகை அறிவித்துள்ளது.

அதே ஆன்மாவிலும், பாக்கிஸ்தான் கூட பல பாகிஸ்தானியர்கள் மற்றும் இந்திய முஸ்லீம்கள் கொல்லப்பட்டனர் இதில் ரயில் எக்ஸ்பிரஸ் குண்டுவெடிப்பு, பிரச்சினை அழுத்தவும் இல்லை.

இருவருக்கிடையில் (அ) இரு கட்சிகளுக்கிடையில் நல்லிணக்கம் ஏற்படுதல் மற்றும் நம்பிக்கை கட்டிடம் நடவடிக்கைகளை சார்க் மற்றும் அப்பால் தங்கள் வரலாற்று பங்கை இந்தியா மற்றும் பாக்கிஸ்தான் தொடரும் வேண்டும்.

இதுவரை, மிக நல்ல. பிரதமர் மன்மோகன் சிங் ஜனாதிபதி சர்தாரி அழைப்பு அன்று பாக்கிஸ்தான் சென்று போன்ற கடினமான வேலை முன்னால் விரும்புகிறார். சியாச்சின், சர் கிரீக் மற்றும் நீரிழிவு "கே" பிரச்சினை போன்ற கடினமான பிரச்சினைகளை மேசையில் வந்து. எல்லாதாண்டிய பயங்கரவாதம் எந்த குறைவாக அச்சுறுத்தலும் இருக்கும்.

சிறந்த வரலாற்றின் இந்த கட்டத்தில் ஒருமித்த உள்ளாகாத விடயங்களின் மூலம் கீழே சிக்கி் தகுதிகள் இல்லாமல், உறவுகளை ஆழப்படுத்த மற்றும் ஒத்துழைப்பு வலுவூட்டுவதற்கு இருக்கும். ஒத்துழைப்பு, இல்லை மோதல் பதில்.

دو نخست وزیر، یک تست برای رهبری ...؟

اما آزمون از رهبری برای نخست وزیر سینگ و زرداری رئیس جمهور در پیش روست، دکتر محمد MANZOOR علمAlam.

پس از حملات 26/11 در مومبای، در سال 2008 روابط هند و پاکستان بود یخ زده است.
یخ شروع به ذوب با پاکستان اعطا مورد علاقه اکثر ملت 

(MFN) وضعیت در هند، که به معنی افزایش قابل توجهی در تجارت دو جانبه است.

سفر رئیس جمهور عارف علی زرداری به dargah Ajmer خواجه Moinuddin Chishti به پیوندهای عمیق فرهنگی شبه قاره سهام، اوراق قرضه که نشکن نمادین است، اما نیاز به تقویت بیشتر می شود. این هم یک گام به جلو بعد از وضعیت MFN است.

حرکت به گرمی توسط مانموهان سینگ، نخست وزیر و دبیر کل کنگره راهول گاندی متقابلا در ناهار PM سازماندهی برای آنها شد.
گنجاندن بلاول بوتو زرداری در همراهان ریاست جمهوری از روی علاقه به یاد سرخ پوستان از بی نظیر بوتو 19 ساله همراه پدرش نخست وزیر ذوالفقار علی بوتو در اجلاس Shimla چهار دهه قبل با خانم ایندیرا گاندی.
هند و پاکستان اغلب پیدا کردن آن مشکل با یکدیگر زندگی می کنند، اما آنها همچنین می دانیم که آنها نمی توانند بدون یکدیگر زندگی می کنند. بسیار بین آنها مشترک است که آنها باید یاد بگیرند با تفاوت های خود زندگی می کنند، در نهایت وجود دارد. با امیدواری، فرایند یادگیری را آغاز کرده است.
نگه داشتن روح از لحظه ای در نظر، هند بیش از حد سخت موضوع سید حافظ را فشار دهید، در آنها ایالات متحده اعلام کرده است جایزه 10 میلیون دلار است.
در همان روح و معنا، پاکستان بیش از حد بود موضوع Samjhauta انفجار اکسپرس، که منجر به کشته شدن بسیاری از پاکستانی ها و مسلمانان هند را فشار دهید نیست.

اقدامات ایجاد روابط حسنه و تنش زدایی و اعتماد سازی برای هند و پاکستان همچنان نقش تاریخی خود در سارک و فراتر از بازی.

تا کنون، خیلی خوب. سخت تر کار را دوست دارد پیش به عنوان دیدار مانموهان سینگ، نخست وزیر پاکستان به دعوت رئیس جمهور زرداری است. مسائل مربوط به سخت تر مانند Siachen، سر نهر و مخوف "K" مسئله در جدول آمده است. مرزی با تروریسم خواهد بود که کمتر دلهره آور است.

بهترین مسیر برای تعمیق روابط و همکاری را تقویت خواهد شد، بدون گرفتن مسائلی که مخالف اجماع در این مرحله از تاریخ گرفتار. همکاری، تعارض نیست پاسخ 

است. گرم در

दोनों प्रधानमंत्रियों ने नेतृत्व के लिए एक टेस्ट मैच ...?

लेकिन प्रधानमंत्री मनमोहन सिंह और राष्ट्रपति जरदारी के लिए नेतृत्व की कसौटी पर आगे झूठ, टिप्पणियाँ डॉ. मोहम्मद मंजूर आलम है.

मुंबई में 26/11 के हमलों के बाद, 2008 में भारत - पाकिस्तान संबंधों पर जमे हुए थे. बर्फ पाकिस्तान सर्वाधिक पसंदीदा राष्ट्र प्रदान (MFN) भारत, जो द्विपक्षीय व्यापार में पर्याप्त वृद्धि का मतलब है पर स्थिति के साथ पिघलना शुरू हुआ.

राष्ट्रपति आरिफ अली जरदारी अजमेर ख्वाजा मोइनुद्दीन चिश्ती की दरगाह यात्रा गहरे सांस्कृतिक उपमहाद्वीप के शेयर, बांड बांड कि अटूट हैं प्रतीकात्मक है, लेकिन आगे मजबूत करने की आवश्यकता है. यह भी MFN स्थिति के बाद एक कदम आगे है.

इशारा गरमी से लंच प्रधानमंत्री उनके लिए आयोजित किया गया था प्रधानमंत्री मनमोहन सिंह और कांग्रेस महासचिव राहुल गांधी से reciprocated है.

राष्ट्रपति घेरा में बिलावल भुट्टो जरदारी के समावेश प्यार 19 वर्षीय बेनजीर भुट्टो की याद दिला दी शिमला श्रीमती इंदिरा गांधी के साथ चार दशकों के पहले शिखर सम्मेलन में उसके पिता प्रधानमंत्री ज़ुल्फ़िकार अली भुट्टो के साथ.भारत और पाकिस्तान अक्सर एक दूसरे के साथ रहने के लिए मुश्किल लगता है, लेकिन वे यह भी जानते हैं कि वे एक दूसरे के बिना नहीं रह सकते हैं. वहाँ उन दोनों के बीच इतना आम है कि वे अपने मतभेदों के साथ रहते हैं, अंत में सीखना है. उम्मीद है कि सीखने की प्रक्रिया शुरू हो गई है.देखने में पल की भावना को ध्यान में रखते हुए, भारत भी मुश्किल हाफिज सईद के मुद्दे पर प्रेस नहीं था, जिस पर अमेरिका के एक $ 10 लाख के इनाम की घोषणा की है.

एक ही आत्मा में, पाकिस्तान भी समझौता एक्सप्रेस विस्फोटों, जो कई पाकिस्तानियों और भारतीय मुसलमानों की हत्या का मुद्दा नहीं प्रेस किया.

मेल - मिलाप और विश्वास बहाली के उपायों के लिए भारत और पाकिस्तान के लिए जारी रखने के लिए सार्क और परे में उनकी ऐतिहासिक भूमिका निभाते है.

अब तक तो अच्छा है. कठिन काम आगे पसंद के रूप में प्रधानमंत्री मनमोहन सिंह ने राष्ट्रपति जरदारी के निमंत्रण पर पाकिस्तान का दौरा किया. सियाचिन, सर क्रीक और खूंखार "कश्मीर मुद्दे की तरह अधिक कठिन मुद्दों मेज पर आते हैं. सीमा पार से आतंकवाद कम चुनौतीपूर्ण नहीं होगा.

बेहतरीन पाठ्यक्रम के लिए संबंधों को गहरा करने और सहयोग को मज़बूत करना मुद्दों है कि इतिहास के इस स्तर पर आम सहमति को धता बताने से फंस गया हो रही बिना, हो जाएगा. सहयोग, नहीं संघर्ष जवाब है.

Translated from the original writing in English.

اثنين من رؤساء الوزراء، اختبار القيادة؟

لكن لاختبار القيادة لرئيس الوزراء سينغ وزرداري الرئيس ينتظرنا، تعليق الدكتور محمد منصور علم.

بعد هجمات 26/11 في مومباي، في عام 2008 كانت العلاقات بين الهند وباكستان المجمدة. وبدأ الجليد لتحسن العلاقات مع باكستان التي تمنح الدولة الأولى بالرعاية (MFN) حالة في الهند، وهو ما يعني زيادة كبيرة في التجارة الثنائية.

زيارة الرئيس عارف علي زرداري إلى دارغا أجمر من خواجة معين الدين تشيشتي رمزية من السندات الثقافية العميقة أسهم شبه القارة، والسندات التي هي غير قابلة للكسر، ولكنها تحتاج إلى مزيد من التعزيز. وهذا هو أيضا خطوة أخرى إلى الأمام بعد أن وضع الدولة الأولى بالرعاية.

وبالمثل بحرارة لفتة من قبل رئيس الوزراء مانموهان سينغ والكونغرس الأمين العام راهول غاندي في حفل الغداء رئيس الوزراء نظمت لهم.

إدراج بيلاوال بوتو زرداري في حاشية الرئاسية وذكر باعتزاز الهنود من بنازير بوتو في 19 عاما من عمره يرافق والدها رئيس الوزراء ذو ​​الفقار علي بوتو في مؤتمر القمة شيملا مع السيدة انديرا غاندي قبل أربعة عقود.

الهند وباكستان غالبا ما تجد صعوبة في العيش مع بعضهم البعض، ولكنهم يعرفون أيضا أنهم لا يستطيعون العيش من دون الآخر. هناك الكثير جدا مشترك بين لهم أن عليهم أن يتعلم كيف يتعايش مع خلافاتهم، في نهاية المطاف. ونأمل، وبدأت عملية التعلم.

الحفاظ على روح لحظة في الرأي، الهند لم يضغط من الصعب جدا في مسألة سعيد حافظ، وأعطيه أعلنت الولايات المتحدة مكافأة قدرها 10 مليون دولار.

وبنفس الروح، وباكستان أيضا لم تضغط على قضية تفجيرات قطار سامجهوتا السريع الذي أسفر عن مقتل العديد من الباكستانيين والهنود المسلمين.

التقارب وتدابير بناء الثقة يجب أن تستمر للهند وباكستان للعب دورهم التاريخي في الرابطة وخارجها.

حتى الآن، وذلك جيد. صعوبة العمل قدما كما يحب رئيس الوزراء الهندي مانموهان سينغ يزور باكستان بناء على دعوة الرئيس زرداري. قضايا أكثر صعوبة مثل سياتشن، سير كريك واللعين "ك" قضية تأتي على طاولة المفاوضات. وعبر الحدود الإرهاب لا تقل صعوبة.

وسوف يكون أفضل مسار لتعميق العلاقات وتقوية التعاون، دون التورط في القضايا التي تتحدى إجماع في هذه المرحلة من التاريخ. التعاون وليس الصراع هو الجواب.

Zwei Ministerpräsidenten,Testen Sie für Führung?

Aber der Test der Führung von Premierminister Singh und Präsident Zardari vor uns liegt, kommentiert Dr. Mohammad Manzoor Alam.

Nach den 26/11 Anschläge in Mumbai im Jahr 2008 indisch-pakistanischen Beziehungen eingefroren hatten. Das Eis fing an, mit Pakistan die Übertragung der Meistbegünstigungsklausel (MFN)-Status auf Indien, die erhebliche Zunahme des bilateralen Handels bedeutet aufzutauen.
Präsident Arif Ali Zardari Besuch im Ajmer dargah von Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti ist symbolisch für die tiefe kulturelle Bindungen dem Subkontinent Aktien, die Bande, die unzerbrechlich sind, müssen jedoch weiter gestärkt werden. Dies ist auch ein Schritt weiter nach dem MFN-Status.

Die Geste wurde sehr herzlich von Premierminister Manmohan Singh und Kongress Generalsekretär Rahul Gandhi am Mittagessen die Uhr für sie organisiert und herbewegt.
Bilawal Bhutto Zardari die Aufnahme in den Präsidentschafts-Entourage liebevoll erinnerte Indianer des 19-jährigen Benazir Bhutto begleitete ihren Vater Premierminister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto an der Shimla-Gipfel mit Frau Indira Gandhi vor vier Jahrzehnten.
Indien und Pakistan finden es oft schwierig, miteinander zu leben, aber sie wissen auch, dass sie nicht ohne einander leben. Es gibt so viel Gemeinsames zwischen ihnen, dass sie lernen, mit ihren Unterschieden zu leben, schließlich haben. Hoffentlich hat der Prozess des Lernens begonnen.

Halten Sie den Geist der Zeit im Blick, Indien nicht zu fest drücken die Frage des Hafiz Sayeed, auf denen die USA einen $ 10.000.000 Kopfgeld angekündigt.

Im selben Geiste, Pakistan auch nicht drücken Sie die Frage der Samjhauta Express Blasten, die viele Pakistaner und indische Muslime getötet.

Annäherung und vertrauensbildende Maßnahmen müssen für Indien und Pakistan weiterhin ihre historische Rolle in der SAARC und darüber hinaus zu spielen.

So weit, so gut. Härter arbeiten gerne vor, wie Premierminister Manmohan Singh besucht Pakistan Präsident Zardari auf der Einladung. Weitere schwierige Themen wie Siachen, Sir Creek und dem gefürchteten "K"-Ausgabe auf den Tisch kommen. Grenzüberschreitende Terrorismus wäre nicht minder gewaltig.

Die beste wird sein, Beziehungen zu vertiefen und stärken die Zusammenarbeit, ohne zu verzetteln, indem Themen, die Konsens trotzen in diesem Stadium der Geschichte. Die Zusammenarbeit ist nicht in Konflikt die Antwort.

Two Prime Ministers, Test of Leadership?

The test of leadership for Prime Minister Singh and President Zardari lies ahead, comments DR MOHAMMAD MANZOOR ALAM.

After the 26/11 attacks in Mumbai, in 2008 India-Pakistan relations had frozen. The ice began to thaw with Pakistan conferring the Most Favoured Nation (MFN) status on India, which means substantial increase in bilateral trade.

President Arif Ali Zardari’s visit to the Ajmer dargah of Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti is symbolic of the deep cultural bonds the Subcontinent shares, the bonds that are unbreakable, but need to be further strengthened. This is also a step further after the MFN status.

The gesture was warmly reciprocated by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and Congress General Secretary Rahul Gandhi at the luncheon the PM organised for them.

Bilawal Bhutto Zardari’s inclusion in the presidential entourage fondly reminded Indians of the 19-year-old Benazir Bhutto accompanying her father Prime Minister Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto at the Shimla summit with Mrs Indira Gandhi four decades ago.

India and Pakistan often find it difficult to live with each other, but they also know that they cannot live without each other. There is so much common between them that they have to learn to live with their differences, ultimately. Hopefully, the process of learning has begun.

Keeping the spirit of the moment in view, India did not press too hard the issue of Hafiz Sayeed, on whom the US has announced a $ 10 million bounty.

In the same spirit, Pakistan too did not press the issue of Samjhauta Express blasts, which killed many Pakistanis and Indian Muslims.

Rapprochement and confidence-building measures have to continue for India and Pakistan to play their historic role in SAARC and beyond.

So far, so good. Harder work likes ahead as Prime Minister Manmohan Singh visits Pakistan on President Zardari’s invitation. More difficult issues like Siachen, Sir Creek and the dreaded “K” issue come on the table. Crossborder terrorism would be no less daunting.

The best course will be to deepen relations and fortify cooperation, without getting bogged down by issues that defy consensus at this stage of history. Cooperation, not conflict is the answer. 

Saturday, April 7, 2012

Edicts (Fatwas), fracturing marriages in an un-called manner.

By Shafee Ahmed Ko

Greatly respected Islamic seminary Darul Uloom Deoband has come out with yet one more “fatwa” ruling in a divorce valid if an inebriated husband pronounces “talaq” in “Sharia” laws. Although he repents gaining his folly, the Seminary says he cannot re-establish marital rights since such divorce has become consummate. On the other hand few of the elite moderate thinkers in Islam are crisscrossed with such edict from Deoband Seminary, and they feel such statute is unfounded in Holy Quran and Ahadees, exegesis Prophet Muhammad.

The Indian media both print and electronic went overboard indulging in hype with tell tale stories of “fatwas” from Darul Uloom Deoband as running always in rampant.

In a close analysis, a brochure penned by Moulana Mufti Mohammad Mustafa Miftahi,Qazi-e-Shariat,Choru,Rajastan,India (First edition:1987:Published by All India Personal Law Board,Khanqah,Monghyr, 811201,Bihar,India) reveals, and few of their ways out are quoted as reference. These are amidst several stipulations, or demanded formula for an Islamic divorce in the aforesaid brochure.

Page 9: ISSUE NO.6 reads as follows:

“At the time of pronouncement of divorce the presence of, listening or acceptance of the wife or her relative is not necessary. If the husband alone pronounces “talaq” in a lonely place, then also the separation is effected. In the same way, if the wife is present, whether she listened or not, whether she kept quiet or refused to accept, the divorce in all these conditions comes into operation.”

Page 10: ISSUE NO.11

“If a man divorces his wife under the influence of intoxicants like toddy or liquor, the divorce is valid and takes effect”

In the wake of conflicting edifices originating one from the Deoband, on the other side the moderate thinkers in Islam such as A.Faizur Rahman from Chennai (South India) a strong critique against the proponents of dissolving marriage with an instant divorce, with triple pronouncement in single sitting, has come out in  an article written in a renowned daily “The Hindu” (April 4) that the “fatwa” was “Bad in law and theology as it was not based on the Koran and authentic pronouncement of the Prophet. He further went a step ahead to say, “Muslim institutions must understand that Koranic ontology revolves around the principles of justice, fairness and equity, and therefore any law that contravenes or abridges the rights arising out of these standards of ethics automatically becomes unacceptable. But the continued refusal of the Muslim patriarchy to see reason makes it imperative to analyse the procedure of talaq in the Koran to expose the illegitimacy of some of their fatwas.The Koran has dealt with the issue of talaq at length in chapters 2,4,65 namely Al-Baqara, Al-Nisa, and Al-Talaq”

Almost from four decades, the moderate thinkers in Islam, Asghar Ali Engineer, late Ko.Rafeeque Ahmed, an advocate from Ambur, V.M.Khaleelur Rahman, and many more have been vociferously writing and, sponsoring against the instantaneous divorce to fracture healthy marriages.

Towns such as Ambur and Vaniyambadi,in the State of  Tamil Nadu, India have the self established Sharia courts to decide the divorce matters with self styled judges and jurists, again these scholars are mostly the breeds of Deobanad Madarasas(School of thoughts) besides the Kangaroo courts prevailing either in the locale (Mohalla) “Jamaat” or the mosque “Muthavallis” (care takers). Such care takers known as “Muthavallis” are mostly from affluent sort, with scant knowledge of Holy Koran, as well Ahadees.

On the other hand the pragmatic system of government courts has an appellant court so that an aggrieved person goes for an appeal lest the lower courts have ended in a flawed judgement. But the aforementioned Sharia courts are self styled and no appellant Sharia courts are to in the near vicinity, and the verdicts pronounced by these “Moulanas” become an inevitable sentence. 
Recently the Muslim Law Academy-Tamil Nadu,Chennai Zone conducted a seminar in view that Islamic law in India be codified within the frame work of Koran,Sunna,Ijma and Qiyas.Eminent scholars such as  Asghar Ali Engineer, a sitting Judge, Honourable Justice G.M.Akbar Ali, M.Abdul Rahman, a Member of Parliament participated in a large gathering.The writer of this article has reported on this seminar in a popular Muslim webmagazine,”” under the head, “Seminar on codification of Islamic Law held in Chennai”:
 An interesting but regrettable fact that is invariably  seen as elsewhere in the mosques, every Friday the congregational  sermon, the large hearers are witnessed but they all remain as captive audience, mostly graduates “Moulanas” of Deoband Seminaries being captivated mostly by them but such discourses are mostly forgotten  until next Jumma prayer falls in. More fairly to say an obsessed mass is witnessed every Friday, keeping it a weekly (weakly) as a  ritual. 
There is cry and call now from the moderate thinkers in Islam that a concerted and cooperative effort should counterbalance the evils of wrong decisions taken against Holy Koran and Ahadees.  They feel the need of hour is  to launch the best possible way to teach the Holy Koran and Ahadees from the tender age of children from the suitable teachers who have the proper perspectives of Islam,Ahadees and Sharia, and and should be man of practice.It is their general feeling that Holy Koran has to be followed in letter and spirit, instead keeping it as a relic.


Wednesday, April 4, 2012

The January night Raisina Hill was spooked: Two key Army units moved towards Delhi without notifying govt

The Indian ExpressUpdated: Wed, 4 Apr 2012 14:03 IST
By Shekhar Gupta with Ritu Sarin and Pranab Dhal Samanta
This is a story you would tell with extreme care and caution. But it so starkly characterises the current state of top-level politico-military relations that it is a folly to keep it under wraps, as the entire establishment has tried to do for a full 11 weeks now.

It has also taken this team of The Indian Express reporters that long to establish the story and the dramatic developments during, say, about 18 very difficult hours on January 16-17 earlier this year.

While many, including the spokesmen for the defence establishment, say it was much ado about nothing (see box), it is a story of a most unusual night when Raisina Hill was spooked as never before in peace time.

Essentially, late on the night of January 16 (the day Army Chief General V K Singh approached the Supreme Court on his date of birth issue), central intelligence agencies reported an unexpected (and non-notified) movement by a key military unit, from the mechanised infantry based in Hisar (Haryana) as a part of the 33rd Armoured Division (which is a part of 1 Corps, a strike formation based in Mathura and commanded by Lt Gen. A K Singh) in the direction of the capital, 150 km away.

Any suspicion was still considered much too implausible, but lookouts were alerted as a routine step. This was part of a protocol put in place in June 1984 when some mutineers from Sikh units had moved towards the capital in the wake of Operation Bluestar.

The lookouts confirmed the movement of what looked like a sizeable unit. It was soon identified as an entire unit of Mechanised Infantry, with its Russian-made Armoured Fighting Vehicles (AFVs), carried on 48 tank transporters. The movement was towards the capital, which was odd.

No such thing had been notified. The Army Day celebrations had ended just the previous day (January 15).
It was still a cause for curiosity and some confusion — more than much concern — because, over the decades, New Delhi has come to be totally relaxed and trustful of the apolitical and professionally correct nature of its military leadership.

The situation changed rapidly, though. Reports came in of yet another military movement “towards” Delhi. This unit was identified as a large element of the airborne 50 Para Brigade based at Agra.
The lookouts were activated south of Delhi as well and the column was identified.
By this time, both columns were being tracked and “watched”. A bemused establishment raised an alert of sorts. The Defence Minister was informed. Immediately, the Centre put in motion an old contingency plan to delay just such a move.

It issued a terror alert with instructions to police to carefully check all vehicles on the highways leading to Delhi. The objective was to slow down traffic. The Prime Minister was informed at the crack of dawn on January 17. Quiet checks carried out on the location and status of key formations and their commanders, particularly in the northwestern region, revealed nothing abnormal at all. Defence Secretary Shashi Kant Sharma was asked to cut short his visit to Malaysia. He returned.

After the briefing, he opened his office late at night and asked Lt Gen. A K Choudhary, Director General Military Operations, to see him and explain what was going on. Gen. Choudhary, it seems, knew about the move of the Paras (the Para Brigade is controlled directly by the DGMO) and said it was a routine exercise.
He was asked to return with full facts about the mechanised unit. This he did soon enough. The explanation was still the same: the Army was carrying out exercises to check its ability to make quick deployments of key units during fog. He was told to send the units back immediately. Both formations were halted, and sent back within hours.

The mechanised unit, sources said, had parked itself at an industrial park near Bahadurgarh abutting West Delhi’s Najafgarh. The Paras were staying put in the barracks of an artillery regiment — 79 Medium —not far from Palam.

The Army's explanation that it was all a simple fog-time exercise was then viewed with scepticism at the highest level. The question: Why was the well-set protocol, that any military movement, at any time, in the NCR (National Capital Region) has to be pre-notified to MoD (Ministry of Defence) not followed?
The Army’s justification for the specific movements did sound plausible though. The mechanised units, they said, were checking out their ability to move and deploy rapidly in fog, should a contingency arrive. It could not have driven westwards (towards Ferozepur or Fazilka) as that would have alarmed Pakistan since the move had not been notified to them.

There was a more elaborate explanation for the paratroopers’ movement. The mandated time for the Agra-based Paras to get airborne in an emergency is just two hours. It was simpler when they were transported by aircraft based “in situ”, at the same military complex in Agra.

The new designated transport for them is the faster, bigger and brand new C-130J Hercules. The IAF has based the C-130s at Hindon, across the Yamuna, east of Delhi. Since fog lifts in Agra much later (11.30 am) than at Hindon (8.30 am) in January, the Army was checking out the possibility of transporting the paratroopers to Hindon by road to “marry” them with the C-130s, rather than wait for the planes to land at Agra, and thereby save time.

In the process, the Army said, they discovered many glitches. These are now being ironed out. For example, it was found that the shoulder-fired missiles, standard equipment with Para units, were stored not in Agra, as decided several years earlier, but at Bharatpur as was the case originally.

So the columns were delayed by that detour and the stop at Bharatpur to pick up their missiles, and thereby also forced to take a longer route to Delhi. The good lesson learnt: all of the Paras’ equipment must now be based where their home is, at Agra.

But this was questioned too. Did the mechanised units have to come as far as the outskirts of Delhi to check out their readiness? And Hindon is a long distance from Palam/Gurgaon. Even on a reasonable day, an Army convoy might take longer moving from here to Hindon given the snarls on Outer Ring Road and NH-24, than if only it had crossed the Yamuna at Agra itself and driven through Uttar Pradesh, parallel to GT Road. Why was the IAF not informed of this exercise? Again, the Army’s explanation is they did not want to hold an elaborate exercise involving the IAF etc, or cause alarm.

The government also noted the fact that the C-130s were not even in Hindon then. They were in Jaisalmer, rehearsing at their staging base for the Republic Day flypast. Yet another reason some in the government were curious was that between Army Day (January 15), and Republic Day (January 26), when so many Army units are involved in parades, such exercises are rare, particularly around the capital.

The Indian Express has had detailed conversations with key people and sources at the very top of the political, civil and military leadership. There is unanimity over General V K Singh’s impeccable reputation as a sound, professional soldier, earned over nearly 42 years of distinguished service to the Army. Nobody is using the “C” word to imply anything other than “curious”. All else is considered an impossibility.
But so strained has the political-military relationship been these weeks, that nothing is easily dismissed as a routine misdemeanour. The timing — the Chief’s petition on his date of birth was filed on the morning of January 16 — did not help.

Sources speak of confusion and unease in the government. To be fair, the MoD’s considered view now seems to be that it was a false alarm, caused by some non-adherence to Standard Operating Procedures (SoPs) by the Army and an alarmist civil/political reaction on a particularly distrustful day.
We learn, however, as a consequence, that certain “important correctives” have been put in place. Incidentally, the Home Ministry has turned down the Army Headquarters’ recommendation (subsequent to the events of January 16/17) to appoint Lt Gen. Choudhary as D-G Assam Rifles, the paramilitary force it controls.

These are the bare facts of an unusual set of events. It is too early to answer all the ‘hows, whys and the what-nexts’ of this. Or to say whether it was an avoidable case of neurosis the Indian establishment is — mercifully — not familiar with.

These facts may indeed be officially denied for now. But these will be debated for a long time, forcing the UPA to introspect on its mismanagement of the delicate civil-military relationship, bruised as it is now by charges of corruption, bribes and bribe offers and indiscipline. These will also have a bearing on the future course of higher defence organisation and control in India.

(Ajmer Singh contributed to this report)
What Happened
* On Jan 16, an entire unit of mechanised infantry based in Hisar with its fighting vehicles began moving towards Delhi. It parked near Najafgarh
* Sizeable section of the Agra-based 50 Para Brigade also moved to near Palam
* Both were stopped and ordered to be moved back

What Army says
* These were exercises to check effectiveness in fog
* Troops moved towards Delhi, not outward, westward since Pakistan hadn’t been notified
* The Paras were being moved to check out possibility of their “marrying” with the C-130s in Hindon

Unanswered questions
* Why wasn’t Ministry of Defence notified?
* Did the units have to come so far towards Delhi?
* Why was the IAF not informed?

Baseless reports, says Ministry of Defence
Defence Ministry spokesperson Sitanshu Kar:
“Such reports are completely baseless and we categorically deny the same.”

Army does not deny movement: Routine training
Maj Gen S L Narasimhan, Additional Director General, Public Information, did not deny the movements, but said these were routine.

“These were routine training at the formation-level to check the effectiveness of mobilisation as per Standard Operating Procedure of local formations. Almost all units of the Army carry out a number of such training at different times of the year.”

* Asked if mobilisation from the two cantonments were authorised, Narasimhan said: “Such routine training does not need authorisation.”

* Why were the troops suddenly called back? “Once the effectiveness of the mobilisation was checked, the troops were called back as per Standard Operating Procedure.”

* When was the last time that troops were moved on this scale? “Even formation-level (higher than this scale) mobilisation practices are carried out routinely.”

* Asked if the Ministry of Defence sought written reports from the commanders, Narasimhan said: “No such explanation has been asked by the MoD.”


Power hike: Jaya announces subsidies

Chennai: Under attack from political parties for the steep hike in power tariff, Tamil Nadu Chief Minister Jayalalithaa on Tuesday announced subsidising part of the increase for domestic consumers.

Making a suo motu statement in the state Assembly, Jayalalithaa said the present move will benefit 1.5 crore families and announced an additional subsidy of Rs 740 crore to the Tamil Nadu Electricity Board taking the total subsidy allocation for the department this year to Rs 4294.16 crore.

She said domestic consumers consuming 100 units for two months will have to pay Rs one per unit as against Rs 1.10 announced in the revision last week.

"Domestic consumers consuming upto 200 units for two months will need to pay Rs 1.50 as against Rs 1.80" announced by the Tamil Nadu Electricity Regulatory Commission last week.

Similarly, domestic consumers using between 201 to 500 units will have to pay Rs two against Rs three for first 200 units and Rs three against Rs 3.50 from 201 to 500 units.

Jayalalithaa's announcement was welcomed by ruling benches amid thumping of desks even as opposition DMDK, DMK earlier staged a walkout after Speaker D Jayakumar denied permission to discuss the issue.
The government move was necessitated following public demand for a rollback of power tariff hike though the state government did not have the powers to withdraw the revision as it was announced by TNERC involving the public in the consultation process prior to the hike, she said.

Jayalalithaa maintained that financial mismanagement in the previous DMK regime had pushed the TNEB into a debt trap and this government was already taking steps to set right both the financial health of the department and implement more power generation projects.

The TNERC had announced a 37 per cent hike in the power tariff to fetch an additional Rs 7,874 crore and bail out the electricity board which is in the red.

Courtesy :PTI