Thursday, July 19, 2012

Tip of the iceberg:Government’s stance on extrajudicial killings is constitutionally and morally untenable

  Dr Mohammad Manzoor Alam

Dr Mohammad Manzoor Alam
Encounter killing is plain murder, says Justice AM Ahmadi, former Chief Justice of India. If anybody in India is capable of deciding on the legal and constitutional validity of police encounters, Justice Ahmadi is certainly one of them.

An indictment of Kurnool and Guntur districts (in Andhra Pradesh) former police superintendent, PSR Anjaneyulu by the National Human Rights Commission has said between 2000 and 2002 Anjaneyulu was responsible for 16 deaths in fake encounters. The NHRC ordered payment of Rs 5 lakh to each victim. The indictment was made eight months ago, but it was not made public.

Silently, the two district administrations have paid the compensation to the next of kin of the victims. Whether genuine or fake, encounter killings are illegal, unconstitutional and immoral because victims are denied the due process of law. As even the genuine encounters are illegal, fake encounters are, obviously, more heinous and dastardly.
Batla House Encounter: Protestors on procession

What is intriguing and amazing is government’s attitude to such killings. Even though government is responsible for the protection and upholding of the Constitution, it tacitly supports the plainly illegal and unconstitutional encounter killings.

This state-sponsored gangsterism has become so endemic and the people in power have become so anesthetized to it that they do not consider it a crime. On the contrary, such police officers are called “encounter specialists, and rewarded with gallantry medals. They are honoured with President’s Medal also despite their brazenly extralegal activities. This shows that everybody is hand in glove with these killers in uniform.

The NHRC finding is confined to only two districts out of the 600 districts of India. The figures are much more higher for the whole country and police lawlessness is an enormous issue. The Indian state thinks that through extrajudicial killings it is curbing crime while the fact remains the state’s lawlessness is forcing more people into the arms of extremists. Sadly, the actual number of such killings is much higher and what is publicly visible is only the tip of the iceberg.

Placed in this context the appointment of Anjaneyulu as the chief of anti-Naxal force, the Greyhound, in Andhra Pradesh, looks astounding. This is like hiring a thief to catch a thief. And what about the legality of all this? Forget about it..

Dr Mohammad Manzoor Alam is the Chairman of Institute of objective Studies,New  Delhi. 

The contents of the article rest on the author.







The Lady maliciously mum on Myanmar Muslim cleansing: Analyst

(Ahlul Bayt News Agency) - “This is ethnic cleansing…. the government and even this Nobel prize winner, the lady [Aung San Suu Kyi] is so criminally silent about the problems of this minority in Myanmar,” Professor Ghulam Taqi Bangash at the Shaheed Zulfikar Ali Bhutto Institute of Science and Technology (SZABIST) said.

The remarks come after Myanmar’s President Thein Sein said that Rohingya Muslims must be expelled from the country and sent to refugee camps run by the United Nations.

The government refuses to recognize nearly-one-million-strong Rohingya Muslims community, which the UN calls one of the world’s most prosecuted people.

Myanmar claims the Rohingya are not native and classify them as illegal migrants although they have lived in the country for generations. 

Myanmar’s opposition and National League for Democracy party (NLD) leader Aung Suu Kyi was elected to parliament after she was released from house arrest earlier this year.

However, many people are disappointed at the way she has been avoiding the issue.

Last Month at a press conference in Geneva, Suu Kyi said she 'didn't know' if Rohingya Muslims were Myanmar's citizens. 

Bangash said Washington is also criminally silent over the issue as the US tries to coax the countries in the Southeast Asia region to stop them from having better relations with the People’s Republic of China.
“Southeast Asia is becoming much more inconspicuous on the economic map for the United States of America,” he added.

“They should rather strengthen the sanctions against Myanmar until this problem should be solved but they are not doing that,” Bangash added. 

Myanmar's current government is run by military figures, which have been accused of rights abuse.
Over a dozen Muslims were killed on June 3 when a mob of ethnic Rakhines, who are mostly Buddhist, attacked a passenger bus in the Rakhine state in the west of the country that borders Bangladesh.

Over the past two years, throngs of ethnic Muslims have attempted to flee by boats in the face of systematic oppression by the government.


Indian cleric Severely Condemned Massacre of Myanmar Muslims

The president of India’s Jamiat Ulma I Hind has voiced concern about the massacre of ethnic Rohingya Muslims in Myanmar, calling for an end to the humanitarian crisis in the southeastern Asian country. 
(Ahlul Bayt News Agency) - Maulana Syed Arshad Madani condemned Myanmar government for being indifferent to the massacre of Muslims by extremist Buddhists.

He also criticized the silence of the international community and human rights organizations across the world about the tragic plight of Muslims in Myanmar.

Earlier on Friday, hundreds of Indonesian Muslims protested outside the Myanmar embassy in the capital Jakarta, urging an end to the massacre of Rohingya Muslims in Myanmar.

Iran’s Foreign Ministry Spokesman Ramin Mehmanparast also expressed deep concerns about the situation in Myanmar, and called for an international move to end the violence against the minority group.

Reports say 650 of nearly one million Rohingya Muslims have been killed as of June 28 during clashes in the western region of Rakhine. This is while 1,200 others are missing and 80,000 more have been displaced.

The UN has described Rohingya Muslim as one of the most persecuted minorities in the world.

They are deprived of basic rights including education and employment and are subject to force labor, extortion and other coercive measures.

The government of Myanmar refuses to recognize Rohingyas, who it claims are not natives and classifies them as illegal migrants, although they have lived in the country for generations.

Related News:

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4. Economic profits hush West over Muslim plight in Burma

5. US Muslims plea for end to Rohingyas plight

6. Iran voices concern over mass killings of Muslims in Myanmar

7. Muslims Massacre Chronology in Myanmar

8. Extremist Buddhists savagely massacre tens of defenseless Muslims in Myanmar

9. Myanmar's democracy icon and Nobel Peace prize winner silence on oppression against Rohingya Muslims

10. The Lady maliciously mum on Myanmar Muslim cleansing: Analyst

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14. Buddhist Vigilantes Kill Myanmar Muslims