This Indian practice is ancient, going back to around 400 to 750 BC. This can be known since it appears in the Valmiki Ramayana, which was composed around that time.
Potti Sriramulu was an Indian revolutionary. He became famous for undertaking a fast-unto-death for achieving the
and losing his life in the process. His sacrifice became instrumental in the linguistic re-organisation of states. He is revered as Amarajeevi (Immortal being) in Andhra for his sacrifice. As a devout follower of Mahatma Gandhi, he worked life long to uphold principles such as truth and non-violence, patriotism and objectives such as Harijan upliftment. He fasted for 82 days before passing away.In Indian history only one another indian revolutionary who fasted till death, Jatin Das Andhra State