Friday, April 22, 2011
A Passage to Srinagar
By Mohan Rao
(Professor at the Centre of Social Medicine and Community Health,
Jahwaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi)
I went to Kashmir for the first time the last weekend – to
and made a quick trip to Gulmarg. I spoke to everyone I met, going out of my way to do so; fortuitously I heard diverse people at a meeting I attended - of civil society groups discussing what can be done about the situation. I am not writing about the discussions at these meetings for there will no doubt be a report. Srinagar
I have come back profoundly shaken and disturbed: the trip was indeed to
India- Occupied- Kashmir. I went thinking azaadi was out of question, but have come back questioning that. I don’t know what shape Azaadi will take or should. My idea of , multi-national, multi-cultural, multi-lingual, a lovely and terrible mishmash of things will have to change. India
First, the ubiquitous, visible presence of the army, deeply hated. Why are they not at the borders? What are they doing at every street corner in
, and indeed even in the rural areas? This is what I felt but every person I met had an explanation: that the army has now developed a vested interest in wanting to stay in Srinagar Kashmir, that they do not want a solution to the problem because moneys are being made. Money is being made by the army, by the CRPF, and by all political groups, I was told. A very striking definition of the rich was given to me: one who has not had a killing in the family or been raped or assaulted and whose children study abroad. These people, I was told, have no stake in Kashmir, nor in resolving the conflict.
The landscape is still beautiful, the chinar trees magnificent, but
is a graceless grey city, stinking in garbage and overflowing with plastics. What struck me is how hopeless, how cynical, the young people I met are. “A black dog replaces a white dog” said one referring to the main political formations, “but they are dogs, not humans. They do not care for the people. Neither do the others who fight both – the former too are funded by the Indian state, the other groups, both by Srinagar India and ”. “In Pakistan Kashmir, an Omar or Umar is hereditary – both do not care for people”.
I heard some celebratory noises during the India Sri-Lanka World Cup finals when the first two Indian wickets fell. Later, there was deathly silence. We could have heard a leaf drop. “We will celebrate any victory against
India – it does not matter, Pakistan, Bangladesh or “said a young student, adding, “We are not against Indians”. Sri Lanka
“This had nothing to do with
, or indeed with Hindus and Muslims. This had to do with azaadi for a Pakistan Kashmir – we will bring together Pakistan Occupied Kashmir and India Occupied Kashmir” I repeatedly heard. “Kashmiris should not pay the blood price for partition and the problems between India and ” I was told. Pakistan
This is clearly not due to lack of money – Srinagar and surrounding areas seems to be seeing a construction boom, with Greater Kailash inspired vulgar bungalows coming up. There are two golf courses with ancient looming chinar trees, magnificent even in winter modesty.
The tragedy is- as in the rest of
– the tragedy of the middle classes. They have seceded from our people. I think Kashmiris are our people, and hence my sorrow. India